Friday, May 22, 2020
Not Being Earnestnbsp;innbsp;The Importance of Being Earnest nbsp;While some critics contend that The Importance of Being Earnest is completely fanciful and has no relation to the real world, others maintain that Oscar Wildes trivial comedy for serious people does make significant comments about social class and the institution of marriage.nbsp; These observations include the prevalent utilization of deceit in everyday affairs.nbsp; Indeed the characters and plot of the play appear to be entirely irreverent, thus lending weight to the comedic, fanciful aspect.nbsp; However, this same factor also serves to illuminate the major points that Wilde tries to convey about the English society in which he lived.nbsp;nbsp;Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Wildes conception of deceit as an accepted custom in English aristocracy is also existent in this scene.nbsp; The practice of Bunburying is established, an act where each man lies to his family about an imaginary invalid friend present somewhere else, in an attempt to pursue leisure activities elsewhere.n bsp; It is in this discussion that Jack admits to his friend Algernon that he has been lying to his friend in order to maintain the disguise.nbsp; Thus, it seems as though the very relationship between the two men is founded on deceit.nbsp; Later in this act, Lady Bracknell and Gwendolyn are introduced.nbsp; Even though Lady Bracknell is married, it is obvious that the two women are merely female counterparts of Algy and Jack.nbsp; Both spend the day making visits to others in their social sphere, as Algy and Jack do, holding these visits with utmost importance.nbsp; nbsp; It is at this point, also, that the reader is presented with Wildes views of marriage practices.nbsp; Earlier in the scene, when Ernest(Jack) announces his intention of proposing to Gwendolyn, Algernon does not congratulate him, rather he denounces the entire institution.nbsp; At Ernests announcement of the proposal, Algy exclaims, I thought you had come up for pleasure?- I call that business.nbsp; Later, Algys comments support the idea of adultery once one is married.nbsp; When Ernest finally does propose to Gwendolyn, he first must proceed through established flirting ritualsShow MoreRelatedThe Importance Of Being Earnest759 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Importance doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde is a satire, comedy play of the Victorian Age. The Importance of Being Earnest follows two main characters, Earnest and Algernon, who live double lives. During his play Wilde makes fun of some of the standards and the way of life during that time. One of the common traits of the time was deception. WildeÃ¢â¬â¢s play has a common occurrence of deception through the playÃ¢â¬â¢s plot line, trivial lies, and a characterÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view on deception. WildeÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreThe Importance of Being Earnest800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOscar Wilde, the writer of The Importance of Being Earnest, celebrated the Victorian Era society while criticizing it in his play. Through his play, he utilized the humorous literary techniques of pun, irony, and satire to comment on the impact of Victorian Era society left on the characters themselves. These comedic literary devices also help to show how the members of this society in the Victorian Era live by a set of unspoken rules that determine politeness, as well as proper etiquette to liveRead MoreThe Importance Of Being Earnest1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFeminist Perspective As seen in The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde, men and women live in a society of inequality between the two sexes as conveyed through double standards. For instance, there is a double standard regarding men and women flirting as seen when Algernon says Ã¢â¬Å"She will place me next to Mary Farquhar, who always flirts with her own husband across the dinner-table. That is not very pleasant.Ã¢â¬ While women are shamed for talking to men whom they are married to, men such asRead MoreThe Importance of Being Earnest 526 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pages In the Importance of Being Earnest, dramatic irony is throughout the play which leads to many humorous events. Dramatic irony is a type of irony where the audience fully understands the situation while the character is unaware of it. The lack of knowledge the character has about their situation is amusing in the play. First example of dramatic irony that turns into humor is when Jack confesses his love to Gwendolen and she also feels the same way but for a different reason than his. She saysRead MoreThe Importance of Being Earnest1284 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn this Lady bracknell shows no sympathy for Mr.Bunbury and does not exhibit pity for him as he is less privileged then status. It is befitting that how cursory is Victorian values. BUNBARING AS A CENTRAL THEME :- Marriage:- It is of principle importance in the story both as a chief plot and also a topic of debate. The issue of marriage came for the first time when Algernon asks LaneÃ¢â¬ Is marriage so demoralizing as that ? Ã¢â¬Å"(Pg 7). They discuss the attributes of marriage and discuss whether marriageRead MoreEssay On The Importance Of Being Earnest1087 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Importance of Being Earnest The title of the book I read for my summer reading is called The Importance of Being Earnest which is a drama book written by Oscar Wilde. It was set in London in the year of 1895. A constant theme throughout this book was marriage beginning with Lane and Algernon discussion. Everyone has different ideas of what marriage is, Lane believes it is a pleasant state, Algernon and Jack discuss if its for business or pleasure. Lady Bracknell believes that it should be aRead MoreCharacterization in the Importance of Being Earnest987 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesgroup B Characterization in The Importance of Being Earnest Among Oscar WildeÃ¢â¬â¢s varied works, a prominent place has been assumed by a notoriously humorous play The Importance of Being Earnest. Such has been the playÃ¢â¬â¢s popularity to this day that countless efforts have been retaken so as to adapting it for modern age due to its scintillating language and the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s surpassing skill at creating immortal characters. In the attempt to spell out the importance of characterization we shall lookRead More Importance Of Being Earnest Essay1037 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Theatre Studies: Cat One Draft The Importance of Being Earnest is set in late Victorian England, a time of social reform. Society was rediscovering art in its many forms yet as a consequence, The Upper class continued their program of suppressed inferiority. The lower classes were treated with disdain and disgust and the animosity between the groups was easily visible. Essentially, the late Victorian era was the beginning of a mini cultural renaissance, yet Upper Class society, which forms theRead MoreThe Importance of Being Earnest Essay1439 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA Trivial Comedy for Serious People Oscar Wilde mocked his audience while he entertained them. Perhaps his most loved and well-known work, The Importance of Being Earnest, satirises the manners and affections of the upper-class Victorian society. Satire is a literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, usually with the intent of changing or correcting the subject of the satirical attack. The play focuses on the elite, while making fun of the ludicrousness and extremityRead More The Importance of Being Earnest Essay1376 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOscar WildeÃ¢â¬â¢s The Importance of Being Earnest is a timeless comedy of manners in which two young, light-hearted men, pretend their names are Ã¢â¬ËErnestÃ¢â¬â¢ in a bid to impress their love interests, who both believe the name Ernest bestows magical qualities on the possessor. Throughout the play, Wilde uses a mix of social drama, melodrama and farce to appeal to the audience. Through his gentle use of parody Wilde is able to ridicule his contem poraries and attack the values and attitudes of Victorian society
Friday, May 8, 2020
Project Description: This project is comprised of rhetorical commentary overview, that is used to examine and develop a better understanding of the terms, race and racism in society (critical race theory) (Stefancic and Delgado 1995, 177). By using the critical race theory and examining incidents of police misconduct, this will determine whether or not race plays a crucial factor. Additionally, this project encompasses a vast knowledge of the criminal justice system and the police departments of the United States of America. Furthermore, one must keep in mind that Ã¢â¬Å"police work is dangerous, difficult, and unappreciated, but there is no excuse for the type of behavior recorded on videotapeÃ¢â¬ (Brooks 1991). The main focus of this research is to review cases that have been reported in the media, in order to come to a comprehension of why there is a higher proportion of minorities being killed by police officers. By incorporating the critical race theory and qualitative data, there will be a contr ibution on how to solve these societal issues. This study aims to discover the reasons why police officers are using excessive force against minorities more often than they are against Caucasians. Moreover, this project challenges questions such as Ã¢â¬Å"whether police officers fear minorities and why?Ã¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"does this affect the African American and Latino population?Ã¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"what can be done to lower the rates of police brutality against minorities?Ã¢â¬ , and is Ã¢â¬Å"racism in the criminal justice systemShow MoreRelatedRace And Racism : The Purpose Of Race1168 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe purpose of race. Race and racism is always a sensitive subject to talk about in our modern-day society. It is something that is relatable to almost every single person in society. It affects some more than others. To understand the role that racism plays in our world we must first understand structural functionalism. In its simplest form, structural functionalism explains why society functions the way it does through social in teraction. The view point of functionalism is that society is alwaysRead MoreRace Theory Of Race And Racism845 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTheories of race and racism have been used by sociologists to not only describe modern societies but also address issues of social injustice and achieve an end to racial oppression. Critical race theory is one of the most widely used for this purpose and provides the structure employed by Dwanna Robertson in her analysis of racism against Native Americans and the consequences they have experienced as a result. She uses the term legitimized racism to discuss the racialization of American Indians.Read MoreRace And Racism : Racism Essay1682 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe concept of race and racism has transformed over time and is seen through the eyes of everyone in our world. It unfortunately seems to be the norm for the public to not only assume an individual s race and to separate them to be distant from one another, but to also pigeon hole every race in a restricted category. This has been going on for so long that we would expect everyone to view society this way, however that might not be the case for all citizens within the United States. Now the questionRead MoreRace And Racism : Racism992 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Race and racism are concepts which are unavoidable in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s day to day life. When my mother was laid off from her job in Colombia 12 years ago she made the choice to immigrate to the United States. I was six when I arrived in the United States, but I had never really dealt with the matter of race before then. The concept of race is not as prominent in Colombia the biggest divider is socioeconomic level. In my six years of living in Miami, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t remember any racism directed towards me or my familyRead MoreRace And Racism : Racism1777 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesexamine how race and racism plays in a role in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, like which races are giving more opportunities because of their skin color, and is racism still a big part of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world like it was back in the early 1900s or are we turning a blind eye to racism? We will also take a look into racial oppression in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society and how it is playing out in our lives. We will not only look into how African Americans deal with racism in everyday life but also other races that face racism because ofRead MoreCritical Race Theory Of Race And Racism1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestheories of race and racism have been used by sociologists to not only describe modern societies, but also address issues of social injustice and achieve an end to racial oppression. Critical race theory is one of the most widely used for this purpose. Its utility rests upon the assumption that race is a social construct and not an inherent biological feature. In place of the concept of inherent race, critical race theory proffers the concept of racialization. The tenet that the concept of race is createdRead MoreCritical Race Theory : Race And Racism Essay927 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe overarching theme of critical race theory is centered on race and racism, however in higher education, critical race scholars recognize that racial identity and this form of oppression (racism) intersects with other subordin ated identities (such as gender, class, religion, ability/disability, sexual orientation, etc.) and forms of oppression (sexism, homophobia, ableism, etc.) to influence People of ColorÃ¢â¬â¢s lived experiences (Bartlett Brayboy, 2005; Brayboy 2005; Kumasi, 2011; Lynn AdamsRead MoreRace, Racism, Or Ethnicity1559 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesnotion of race is prevalent in every society. Rather it is consciously or unconsciously, the idea of race is shaping our everyday lives, from the day we were born, to the one we will die, in school, at work, or simply in the supermarket. Historically, as well as in Contemporary societies, the term race is a rather controversial one, and has raised many questions, due to its lack of proper definition and mostly because of its negative connotations. Associated with ethnicity or racism, it createdRead MoreRacism, Race, And Discrimination Essay1650 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesColonialism Throughout this class, Religion, Race, and Discrimination in America, we have learned how racism came about with many different theories. Religion can be defined as, a belief or worship in a higher power, normally a God or Gods. Race can be defined as social grouping or form of peoplehood that is marked by traits that are perceived to be biologically inherited. (Prentiss Introduction, slide 9) With race and religion people or groups of people can justify the discrimination of others becauseRead MoreDiscrimination On Race And Racism1740 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDiscrimination on Race Racism is very much still alive in the United States and it affects all people, but mainly one certain group. Racism destroys dreams and hopes for the victims that have been discriminated against and have sadly lost their lives as well. African Americans have less opportunities and chances to prove that they can also do good to some to the word instead of stereotypical judging them. White Americans, not all but the racist only, most likely believe that if you are different
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
ENGLISH * Forgiveness Means Love Name: Alejandra Cardenas Modality: Essay School: Villa Caritas Grade:11 B Stage:High School July 2012 Forgiveness Means Love What would happen if a doctor told you are dying tomorrow, would you forgive the people who ever hurt you? Or would you die with that resentment in your heart? Everyone has been hurt at least once by actions or words from another person. It is difficult to forgive such an injury. These wounds can stay forever if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t learn to forgive the ones who hurt you. We will write a custom essay sample on Terrorism in Peru or any similar topic only for you Order Now Forgiveness means peace, love, respect, hope. We all talk about a peaceful world, but we donÃ¢â¬â¢t make an effort to make it happen. Ã¢â¬Å"Love is around usÃ¢â¬ but we reject it and prefer to obey our carnal desires. We expect people to respect us, but we donÃ¢â¬â¢t respect others, and sometimes we make fun of their believes. Hope is all it is left. Hope to have a better world, hope to become a better person, and hope to forgive others. A clear example of forgiveness is terrorism in Peru. Today we still have resentment and thoughts of revenge for what Abimael Guzman did. But we need to forgive so we can live our lives in a peaceful way. After a long battle of terrorism in Peru, Abimael Guzman was finally put in jail in 1992. All the families were enthusiastic by the news and felt more secured. He was captured by the Intelligence Special Group, led by Alberto Fujimori, the president on that time. They started investigating various residence of Lima and found out that Mr. Guzman was hiding in a house of a lady. They found some medicines used for a treatment of psoriasis, a disease that Abimael Guzman suffered. Shining Path was a group of terrorists, who believed in marxism-leninism-maoism. They thought that fighting would solve all their problems. They wanted a change but they were not heard. It was a fight between the proletariat and the state, between the landowners and the capitalists in the city. This group of terrorists wanted to replace what it was seen as bourgeois democracy with a Ã¢â¬Å"new democracyÃ¢â¬ . The Shining Path wanted to impose a dictatorship of the proletariat, lead a cultural revolution, and eventually introduce communism and have the complete control of the government. Before he was captured, Abimael Guzman wanted to get the whole power of the Peruvian government. He used violence to achieve his goals. He attacked the Peruvian Armed Forces and the National Police. Guzman placed diverse bombs in schools, houses, streets and popular places. Many people died, and families were devastated with their loss. It was a time of mourning. Every day was a new wake, and every day more people lost faith. Many families, who lived in such a devastating period of time, blamed Abimael Guzman for all their misfortunes. Wished him the worst, and wanted to put him in jail. At the end, Guzman was captured; people were safer but still felt a grudge towards him. But it is necessary to forgive and wish him the best. Everybody makes mistakes, some of them are big or small, but mistakes are made to learn from them and become a better person. Generally, forgiveness is a decision to let go the resentment and thoughts of revenge. Many people may think: Why is it important to forgive a man who hurt so many families? Forgiveness can lead to feelings of understanding, empathy and compassion for the one who hurt you. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean that you deny the other personÃ¢â¬â¢s responsibility for hurting you, and it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t minimize or justify the wrong of his action. Forgiveness brings peace that helps you go on with life. And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what Peruvians should do. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not easy but it is the right thing to do. We are free to decide what the best is for us, and the best is to always forgive. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦but I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, Ã¢â¬ËYou fool! will be liable to the hell of fire. So if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. Ã¢â¬ It is possible that many Peruvians agree to forgive Abimael Guzman. On the other hand, there might be some of them who refuse to even consider forgiving him. Unforgiving means to have anger, resentment and bitterness in your life. Having all this negatives aspects would make life harder to enjoy. Also it is possible to become more negative and insecure. Having a good future means to forgive the past. As Jesus once said: Ã¢â¬Å"But I tell you who hear me: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you. If someone strikes you on one cheek, turn to him the other also. Ã¢â¬ It is an obligation for all the citizens to let go that resentment and feeling of revenge towards Abimael Guzman. Peace is not reached easily; it takes time and reconciliation with everyone who has hurt you. Forgiveness means to have an open heart and mind. Forgiveness does not come easy for anyone. HumanÃ¢â¬â¢s natural instinct is to protect itself when he or she has been injured. Forgiveness can change lives; it brings peace, happiness and emotional healing. It is job of everyone to build a better world, a world with love, peace, kindness and reconciliation. There is no love without forgiveness and there is no forgiveness without love. Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬â [ 1 ]. Matthew 5:22-24 [ 2 ]. Luke 6:27-29 How to cite Terrorism in Peru, Essay examples
Monday, April 27, 2020
Multicultural Education Multicultural Education History/Past Challenges: One of the major goals of the American school system is to provide all children with equal educational opportunity. However, with regard to minority students, meeting this particular objective has presented a real challenge to educators as they have been confronted with the task of reshaping education in the multilingual, multicultural society that characterizes the United States. Many significant events contributed to the need of school reform. The Civil Rights movement launched by African Americans in the 1960s, which resulted in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, triggered major social changes in the direction of equality and justice for all. Consequently, the US Department of Education was charged to conduct a survey on availability of equal educational opportunity and to provide technical and financial assistance to school boards in carrying out plans for the desegregation of public schools (Zephir,1999:136). Changing immigration patterns also occurring since the 1960s brought educational issues to the forefront of discussion. In 1968, the first Bilingual Education act was passed in an attempt to provide short-term help to school districts with high concentrations of students from low income homes who had limited English-speaking ability (Millward,1999:47). Moreover, in 1974, the Supreme Court ruled in Lau vs. Nichols (a class action suit brough t on behalf of Chinese-speaking children in San Francisco) that English-limited children who were being taught in English were certain to find their classroom experiences totally incomprehensible and in no way meaningful (Stevens,1999:108). In consequence, schools were instructed to give special help to non-English-speaking students in order to guarantee their equality under the law with students who spoke English as their first language. In short, the social movement of the 1960s gave rise to major educational changes; and it was in that context that the concept of multicultural education originated. The 1980s saw the emergence of a body of scholarship on multicultural education by progressive education activists and researchers who refused to allow schools to address their concerns by simply adding token programs and special units on famous women or famous people of color. James Banks, one of the pioneers of multicultural education, was among the first multicultural education scholars to examine schools as social systems from a multicultural context. According to Banks In order to maintain a multicultural school environment, all aspects of the school had to be examined and transformed, including policies, teachers attitudes, instructional materials, assessment methods, counseling, and teaching styles (Mitchell,1996:110). By the middle and late 1980s, other K-12 teachers-turned-scholars provided more scholarship in multicultural education, developing new, deeper frameworks that were grounded in the ideal of equal educational opportunity and a connection between school transformation and social change. Meanwhile, the cultural landscape of the United States continued to become less visibly white Christian and more visibly rich with cultural, racial, ethnic, and religious diversity, underscoring the necessity for everyone to develop a set of skills and knowledge that the present system was failing to provide all students. These included creative and critical thinking skills, intercultural competence, and social and global awareness. The education system was not only plagued by unequal treatment of traditionally oppressed groups, but was also ill-equipped to prepare even the most highly privileged students to competently participate in an increasingly diverse society. In the 21st century, at a time when it is reported that minority students already outnumber white students in twenty-five of the nations twenty-six largest urban school systems (Robson,1998:211), and when it is estimated that minority groups, taken together, will outnumber the current white majority in the overall population by 2056 (Robson,1998:211), never has the discussion about multicultural education been more intense. At the same time, never has the necessity to address the needs of non-English speaking immigrant children been more imperative. In fact, according to Mitchell and Salsbury (1996) the number of language-minority students in the United States was estimated at 9.9 million in 1994 (p.223-224). Current Issues: Students from racial and ethnic minority backgrounds are more likely to be disproportionately placed in special education programs and classes. Some groups of students are under-represented in special education and over-represented in programs for gifted and talented students. Such disproportionate representation of minority groups is an ongoing national problem. Disproportionate representation is a complex problem,
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Whats Eating Gilbert Grape essays Personal Identity in Whats Eating Gilbert Grape Personal identity is much like the blueprint for mankind, like a house, it is built and shaped after its design. If not built properly the house will eventually fall apart from how it was built or by the causes of nature. In the case of someone's identity if built properly by an individual it will last and stay strong, however adversity acts like a force of human nature and can either take a positive rebuilding role on a persons identity or a negative destructing role. In the film, What's Eating Gilbert Grape and from the excerpt in the novel of the same title, the director and author directly suggest personal identity as a key issue in the story. Whats eating the good Gilbert is laid out for us, like a feast. The title from the author further suggests we consider not only whats eating Gilbert (the forces preying on him) but also whats eating at him his ways of handling those forces. Living in Endora is like dancing to no music. The lame tone of Gilberts voice over creates a feeling of nothingness and the movie opening, with a track back along the road, suggests a sense of withdrawal. If Endora itself is nothingness, what is life out in the sticks, at the Grape house? Life at the Grape house is very depressing for all. Bonnie feels she has burdened her children and because of this Gilbert is forced to play the role of dad; Arnies retardation makes it hard for the rest of the family to deal with him because he is so hard to look after. All of this has a major impact on Gilbert. Over the course of the film Gilbert undergoes deep change. He is at first embarrassed by his mother, speaks disparagingly of her and even, at o ne point, lifts a small child to the window to peek at her. Yet in the final scenes, with Bonnie on her bed, there is love, tenderness and respect in his face. He has released all hi ...
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Biography of Sojourner Truth, Abolitionist and Lecturer Sojourner Truth (born Isabella Baumfree; c. 1797Ã¢â¬âNovember 26, 1883) was a famous African-American abolitionist and womens rights activist. Emancipated from slavery by New York state law in 1827, she served as an itinerant preacher before becoming involved in the anti-slavery and womens rights movements. In 1864, Truth met Abraham Lincoln in his White House office. Fast Facts: Sojourner Truth Known For: Truth was an abolitionist and womens rights activist known for her fiery speeches.Also Known As: IsabellaÃ BaumfreeBorn: c. 1797 in Swartekill, New YorkParents: James and Elizabeth BaumfreeDied: November 26, 1883 in Battle Creek, MichiganPublished Works: The Narrative of Sojourner Truth: A Northern Slave (1850)Notable Quote: This is what all suffragists must understand, whatever their sex or color- that all the disfranchised of the earth have a common cause. Early Life The woman known as Sojourner Truth was born into slavery in New York as Isabella Baumfree (after her fathers owner, Baumfree) in 1797. Her parents were James and Elizabeth Baumfree. She was sold several times, and while enslaved by the John Dumont family in Ulster County, she married Thomas, also enslaved by Dumont and who was many years older than Isabella. The couple had five children together. In 1827, New York law emancipated all slaves. At this point, however, Isabella had already left her husband and run away with her youngest child, going to work for the family of Isaac Van Wagenen. While working for the Van Wagenens- whose name she used briefly- Isabella discovered that a member of the Dumont family had sold one of her children into slavery in Alabama. Since this son had been emancipated under New York Law, Isabella sued in court and won his return. Preaching In New York City, Isabella worked as a servant and attended a white Methodist church and anÃ African Methodist Episcopal Church, where she reunited briefly with three of her older siblings. Isabella came under the influence of a religious prophet named Matthias in 1832. She then moved to a Methodist perfectionist commune, led by Matthias, where she was the only black member, and few members were of the working class. The commune fell apart a few years later, with allegations of sexual improprieties and even murder. Isabella herself was accused of poisoning another member, and she sued successfully for libel in 1835. She continued her work as a household servant until 1843. William Miller, a millenarian prophet, predicted that Christ would return in 1843 amid economic turmoil during and after the panic of 1837. On June 1, 1843, Isabella took the name Sojourner Truth, believing this to be on the instructions of the Holy Spirit.Ã She became a traveling preacher (the meaning of her new name, Sojourner), making a tour of Millerite camps.Ã When the Great Disappointment became clear- the world did not end as predicted- she joined a utopian community, the Northampton Association, founded in 1842 by people interested in abolitionism and womens rights. Abolitionism After joining the abolitionist movement, Truth became a popular circuit speaker. She made her first antislavery speech in 1845 in New York City. The commune failed in 1846, and she bought a house on Park Street in New York.Ã She dictated her autobiography to womens rights activist Olive Gilbert and published it in Boston in 1850.Ã Truth used the income from the book,Ã The Narrative of Sojourner Truth, to pay off her mortgage. In 1850, she also began speaking about womens suffrage. Her most famous speech, Aint I a Woman?, was given in 1851 at a womens rights convention in Ohio. The speech- which addressed the ways in which Truth was oppressed for being both black and a woman- remains influential today. Truth eventually met Harriet Beecher Stowe, who wrote about her for the Atlantic Monthly and wrote a new introduction to Truths autobiography. Later, Truth moved to Michigan and joined yet another religious commune, this one associated with the Friends. She was at one point friendly with Millerites, a religious movement that grew out of Methodism and later became the Seventh Day Adventists. Civil War During the Civil War, Truth raised food and clothing contributions for black regiments, and she met Abraham Lincoln at the White House in 1864 (the meeting was arranged by Lucy N. Colman and Elizabeth Keckley). During her White House visit, she tried to challenge the discriminatory policy of segregating street cars by race. Truth was also an active member of the National Freedmans Relief Association. After the war ended, Truth again traveled and gave lectures, advocating for some time for a Negro State in the west. She spoke mainly to white audiences and mostly on religion, the rights of African-Americans and women, and temperance, though immediately after the Civil War she tried to organize efforts to provide jobs for black refugees from the war. Death Truth remained active in politics until 1875, when her grandson and companion fell ill and died. She then returned to Michigan, where her health deteriorated. She died in 1883 in a Battle Creek sanitorium of infected ulcers on her legs. Truth was buried in Battle Creek, Michigan, after a well-attended funeral. Legacy Truth was a major figure in the abolitionist movement, and she has been widely celebrated for her work. In 1981, she was inducted into the National Womens Hall of Fame, and in 1986 the U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp in her honor. In 2009, a bust of Truth was placed in the U.S. Capitol. Her autobiography is read in classrooms throughout the country. Sources Bernard, Jacqueline.Ã Journey Toward Freedom: The Story of Sojourney Truth. Price Stern Sloan, 1967.Saunders Redding, Sojourner Truth in Notable American Women 1607-1950 Volume III P-Z. Edward T. James, editor. Janet Wilson James and Paul S. Boyer, assistant editors. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press, 1971.Stetson, Erlene, and Linda David.Ã Glorying in Tribulation: The Lifework of Sojourner Truth. Michigan State University Press, 1994.Truth, Sojourner.Ã The Narrative of Sojourner Truth: a Northern Slave. Dover Publications Inc., 1997.
Sunday, February 16, 2020
How has Japanese Cinema been Informed by Nuclear Disaster - Term Paper Example The style of the day is one of modern casual wear, except when our young protagonist and his friend go to school, then, they wear uniforms.Ã Whereas in other films, such as Akira KurosawaÃ¢â¬â¢s (1990) Dreams, there is a stark contrast to the actorsÃ¢â¬â¢ traditional kimono dress that is worn in those vignettes that portray even modern life in Japan, such as Sunshine Through the Rain, where the dress in the home is kimonos, which is presented against a backdrop of modern Japanese architecture reflecting the traditional architecture with modern materials.Ã The result is striking and beautiful cinematography that is spellbinding as the story in this short vignette. In Kikujiro (Kitaro, 2000), if there is anything that denotes the impact of the nuclear holocaust suffered by Japan at the end of the war, it is in the westernization of the society that is conveyed through the film.Ã However, it should be noted that Japan was, prior to the onset of the war, looking towards the west as a model of economic success (Keyser & Kumagai, 1996, 1).Ã Still, with the postwar occupation of Japan by the Allied forces, it might be logical to conclude that the westernization of Japan took on a different direction than the pre-war model.Ã Kikujiro (Kitaro, 2000) portrays the move away from tradition, into a modern society with modern social problems, such as gambling first and second family identity problems.Ã While these problems may have existed in Japan since the medieval times, it is the distinct westernized appearance of them in this modern day film that breaks with the tradition of what is usually both perceived and seen in the film as being Japanese. Whereas JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s move toward away from the traditional towards a more western model might have been the path in a pre-world WWII setting, nuclear holocaust and the presence of a western occupation following that event probably helped bring Japan to a western present much quicker than they might have arrived had it not been for western occupation following the war. Kikujiro (Kitaro, 2000) is the film that demonstrates modern JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s westernization.